One branch turned almost 90 degrees and proceeded southwest to Soda Springs. It rejoined the California Trail at Cassia Creek near the City of Rocks. After crossing Mount Oread at Lawrence, the trail crossed the Kansas River by ferry or boats near Topeka, and crossed the Wakarusa and Vermillion rivers by ferries. In 1849, the U. S. Army bought the structure and estâ¦  (For map of North Side Alternate see:), Goodale's Cutoff, established in 1862 on the north side of the Snake River, formed a spur of the Oregon Trail. The usually lush Boise River valley was a welcome relief. The post was most often referred to as Fort Laramie, however, after a French-Canadian trapper named Jacques LaRames, and this was the name which stuck. At Soda Springs was one branch of Lander Road (established and built with government contractors in 1858) which had gone west from near South Pass, over the Salt River Mountains and down Star Valley before turning west near present-day Auburn, Wyoming and entering Idaho. The Kelton Road became important as a communication and transportation road to the Boise Basin.. Fort Laramie, at the junction of the Laramie River and the North Platte River, was a major stopping point. Those on the north side of the Platte could usually wade the shallow river if they needed to visit the fort. Fort Laramie Three-Mile Hog Ranch, the fort's off-post social center; References Oregon Trail Map III "Historic Sites Along The Oregon Trail" by Aubrey Haines Register Cliff, Fort Laramie Guernsey Ruts Joel Hembree Grave, LaBonte Creek Crossing, Ayers Natural Bridge, Laramie Peak Rock Avenue, Poison Spring, Willow Spring Independence Rock  In its early days, St. Joseph was a bustling outpost and rough frontier town, serving as one of the last supply points before heading over the Missouri River to the frontier. The Platte was about 1 mile (1.6 km) wide and 2 to 60 inches (5.1 to 152.4 cm) deep. trapper. Furthering our Oregon Trail experience, we went west into Wyoming and spent most of a day visiting Fort Laramie National Historic Site, located about 60 miles from where we were camped in Gering. Army Iron Bridge: Oregon Trail Bridge - See 38 traveller reviews, 21 candid photos, and great deals for Fort Laramie, WY, at Tripadvisor. Earlier fur-trade, robe-trade and emigrant-supply forts that existed on the same site from 1834 to 1849 are less known and understood. Fort Laramie, at the junction of the Laramie River and the North Platte River, was a major stopping point. From Fort Bridger, the main trail, comprising several variants, veered northwest over the Bear River Divide and descended to the Bear River Valley. Once they transited the Cascade's Columbia River Gorge with its multiple rapids and treacherous winds they would have to make the 1.6 miles (2.6 km) portage around the Cascade Rapids before coming out near the Willamette River where Oregon City, Oregon was located. The soda springs here were a favorite attraction of the pioneers who marveled at the hot carbonated water and chugging "steamboat" springs. Those traveling south of the Platte crossed the South Platte fork at one of about three ferries (in dry years it could be forded without a ferry) before continuing up the North Platte River valley into present-day Wyoming heading to Fort Laramie. Bridger | The water was silty and bad tasting but it could be used if no other water was available. There are only a few places where the Snake River has not buried itself deep in a canyon. On the main trail about 5 miles (8.0 km) west of Soda Springs Hudspeth's Cutoff (established 1849 and used mostly by California trail users) took off from the main trail heading almost due west, bypassing Fort Hall. It exited the mountains near the present Smith Fork road about 6 miles (9.7 km) south of the town of Smoot, Wyoming. Located besides the cooling Laramie River, the ancient Fort Laramie still stands today as a historical monument for everybody to enjoy. Because it was more a network of trails than a single trail there were numerous variations, with other trails eventually established on both sides of the Platte, North Platte, Snake, and Columbia rivers. After crossing the South Platte the trail continues up the North Platte River, crossing many small swift flowing creeks. Travelers gathered and ignited dried buffalo chips to cook their meals. Fort Laramie is best known for the years from 1849 to 1890, when it served as a military post in the western Indian Wars. | In 1849, the U.S. Military purchased In the 1850 census there were about 8,000 mostly Mormons tabulated in the large Pottawattamie County, Iowa District 21. The old fort was located south of town across the North Platte River, at the mouth of the Laramie River. In 1847, Brigham Young and the Mormon pioneers departed from the Oregon Trail at Fort Bridger in Wyoming and followed (and much improved) the rough trail originally recommended by Lansford Hastings to the Donner Party in 1846 through the Wasatch Mountains into Utah. In those days its cause and treatment were unknown, and it was often fatal—up to 30% of infected people died. The wagon tracks are surprisingly narrow compared to modern cars. transcontinental telegraph systems. After following the Santa Fe trail to near present-day Topeka, Kansas, they ferried across the Kansas River to start the trek across Kansas and points west. Fort Laramie, located in eastern Wyoming, was an important 19th century fur trading post and U.S. military installation. Iowa was located opposite the junction of the Platte and Missouri rivers and was used by some of the Fur trapper rendezvous traders as a starting point for their supply expeditions. 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